TechAnnouncer News and Reviews Market Research https://techannouncer.com TechAnnouncer News and Reviews Market Research Thu, 05 Mar 2020 12:40:27 +0000 en-US hourly 1 https://wordpress.org/?v=5.3.2 Growing Tech: TransferWise as a Case Study for Disruption https://techannouncer.com/growing-tech-transferwise-as-a-case-study-for-disruption/ Sat, 29 Feb 2020 23:37:06 +0000 https://techbullion.com/?p=13440 The need for a money transfer system more effective and cheaper than bank wire transfers has existed for a long time. Even the UN recognizes that cutting the cost of transfers, remittances in particular, must be a priority in the modern world. Considering the importance of this issue for the global economy, it’s not surprising …

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The need for a money transfer system more effective and cheaper than bank wire transfers has existed for a long time. Even the UN recognizes that cutting the cost of transfers, remittances in particular, must be a priority in the modern world. Considering the importance of this issue for the global economy, it’s not surprising that TransferWise, the most effective solution that currency exists, has become such a huge influence in the money transfer industry. One might even argue that it was this technology that brought forth the decline of traditional banking as we know it.

Of course, banks still exist and there are some functions that only they can handle. However, it’s a fact that TransferWise, and services like it, made a huge impact on the money transfer industry. TransferWise, in particular, deserves recognition for being the biggest power in this.

A Look at the Birth and Growth of TransferWise

TransferWise was founded less than a decade ago in 2011 by two Estonians, Taavet Hinrikus and Kristo Kaarmann. They both needed a way to transfer money to and from Estonia and the UK and were highly dissatisfied with the existing methods. Here it must be noted that transfers between these countries are nowhere near as expensive or lengthy as transfers to some developing countries. There are still African transfer corridors where the costs go up as far as 20% of the transfer.

So, two Estonians with ambitions, education, and opportunities decided to change the situation with the money transfers in Europe first. This resulted in the creation of TransferWise, a service dedicated to making international transfers cheap and fast. Officially, the company only got the “go ahead” from the UK financial regulatory authority in 2012 and that’s when it started doing the business in earnest. In that first year the entirety of transactions completed via TransferWise amounted to about €10 million.

Today, less than a decade after that start, TransferWise is worth $3.5 billion and processes about £5 billion worth of transactions in a single month. Over 6 million people use its services worldwide and the company now has 13 active offices and services 750 currency routes. It’s also continuously expanding, and covering those infamous African corridors is one of its plans for the near future. According to the company data, its low rates and other helpful services enable its customers to save up to £1.5 billion in a year.

This money goes to their families and businesses and gets poured into the economies of various countries. Therefore, the impact of TransferWise on the world as a whole is significant in itself. However, this company can be considered a global disruptor in the money transfer industry not only because of its own excellent services.

TransferWise might have been the first widely successful international money transfer company, but it’s not the only one. In fact, the success of TransferWise inspired others so much that today there are dozens of companies in the international money transfer space. They are competing wildly making the industry one of the fastest-growing and evolving in the world. Moreover, TransferWise keeps pushing it further by setting the bar higher.

TransferWise as a Major Power of Disruption on the Global Money Transfer Arena

TransferWise is a power of disruption not only for the banks and their traditional but outdated money transfer methods. It’s also a constant driver of the industry it has, nominally, created. Other money transfer companies have no choice but to use TransferWise as a bar to measure themselves against. After all, if they don’t do this, they have no chance because it sets the terms that literally define the industry.

Online money transfers are fast and cheap and secure. These ate three staples of the industry, so to stand out and have a chance at success one must offer transfers that are cheaper, faster, and even more secure.

Due to its sheer size and funding, TransferWise has more opportunities in this than the majority of businesses. That’s why it has little real competition. However, even those few companies that can stand on par with this new fintech giant must adjust to stand out against it.

The reason why TransferWise was a revolutionary even in this already revolutionary industry was that it did not only offer low margins. It started using fixed margins for transfers, which made the services even more affordable.

This was what prompted WorldFirst, the other giant in the money transfer market, to follow the example and use fixed margins that are even lower. This is one example out of many of how TransferWise keeps influencing the industry and, by extension, the global economy.

If it keeps going like this, one might think that TransferWise will eventually overtake the global money transfer industry completely. Anti-monopoly laws might be the only thing that could prevent this from happening. But it’s definitely true that this company will keep driving changes in this industry because even with WorldFirst TransferWise has very little real competition to speak of.

TransferWise: Not the Smoothest Sailing Doesn’t Mean You Don’t Succeed

When one looks at the story of TransferWise at a glimpse it might seem that the company has grown as if by magic. It’s true that going from barely anything to $3.5 billion in value in less than ten years is outstanding. However, it’s definitely not a fluke.

TransferWise had plenty of challenges, from issues with regulatory authorities to having its ads banned for “misleading information”. This company was tested and tempered, which resulted in a fintech solution that currently has no true rivals.

That won’t last forever as other businesses prove they are capable of competing with this powerhouse.

This, however, only seems to push TransferWise further, which pushes the industry further, which benefits billions of people.

This is proof of how a single company can become a force that will disrupt industries but only make them better for it. The UN’s ambition to eliminate overpriced money transfer corridors doesn’t seem like an impossible dream now, and it’s largely due to the efforts of this one company.

What if such businesses existed in other industries? There are many other examples of such, but all of them are the same in a way that these companies drew changes that affected the lifestyles of people all over the world. Today we take things like smartphones or the Internet for granted and sometime soon cheap money transfers to any part of the world might become one of these “regular” things as well.

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Brian E. Jackson, DDS, a Dentist with Brian Jackson Dental https://techannouncer.com/brian-e-jackson-dds-a-dentist-with-brian-jackson-dental/ Fri, 28 Feb 2020 19:37:39 +0000 https://www.issuewire.com/1659616864835945 Get to know Dentist Dr. Brian E. Jackson, who serves patients in Willoughby Hills, Ohio. New York City, Feb 27, 2020 (Issuewire.com)  – Dentist Dr. Jackson is the owner of Brian Jackson Dental in Willoughby Hills, Ohio. He and his entire professional team are dedicated to achieving excellence in dentistry through individual quality care. They are …

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Get to know Dentist Dr. Brian E. Jackson, who serves patients in Willoughby Hills, Ohio.

New York City, Feb 27, 2020 (Issuewire.com)  – Dentist Dr. Jackson is the owner of Brian Jackson Dental in Willoughby Hills, Ohio. He and his entire professional team are dedicated to achieving excellence in dentistry through individual quality care. They are committed to their patients to provide this care in a clean, comfortable atmosphere designed to enhance overall health.

Some of the dental services offered at Brian Jackson Dental include cosmetic dentistry, preventative dentistry, oral surgery, periodontics, endodontics, prosthetics, restorative dentistry, implants, and emergency care. 

In regards to his educational background, Dr. Jackson earned his Bachelor of Arts degree in Zoology from Miami University in 1987, followed by his Doctor of Dental Surgery degree from The Ohio State University College of Dentistry in 1991. The following year, he completed his general practice residency at the Medical College of Ohio.

With an unwavering commitment to the field of dentistry, he remains a member of several professional organizations, including the Ohio Dental Association, the American Dental Association, the Greater Cleveland Dental Society, and the International Congress of Oral Implantologists. He attributes his success to his love of practicing dentistry, his ability to provide quality patient care, his great staff, as well as his strive to make a difference.

Dentistry, also known as Dental and Oral Medicine, is a branch of medicine that consists of the study, diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of diseases, disorders, and conditions of the oral cavity. Dentists diagnose and treat dental issues and help patients develop better oral hygiene regimens. They clean teeth, correct bite issues, perform surgeries and extractions, and perform other duties to ensure that the teeth and mouth are healthy. 

Happily married, Dr. Jackson and his wife, Beckki, reside in Mayfield Village. They have a son, Austin.

On a more personal note, Dr. Jackson’s outside interests include traveling, scuba diving, cooking, watching baseball (Cleveland Indians), as well as coaching baseball and ice hockey. 

Learn More about Dr. Brian E. Jackson:

Through his findatopdoc profile, https://www.findatopdoc.com/doctor/2637496-Brian-Jackson-Dentist or through Brian Jackson Dental, https://brianjacksondental.com/team_member/brian-e-jackson/

About FindaTopDoc.com

FindaTopDoc is a digital health information company that helps connect patients with local physicians and specialists who accept your insurance. Our goal is to help guide you on your journey towards optimal health by providing you with the know-how to make informed decisions for you and your family. 

Media Contact

Your Health Contact *****@yourhealthcontact.com

Source : Brian E. Jackson, DDS

Tags : Brian E. Jackson , DDS , Dentist , Willoughby Hills , Ohio

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Reasons for Taking Microsoft 70-740 Exam Through Using Exam Dumps in Prep Process https://techannouncer.com/reasons-for-taking-microsoft-70-740-exam-through-using-exam-dumps-in-prep-process/ Fri, 28 Feb 2020 12:37:06 +0000 https://techbullion.com/?p=13435 Microsoft stands out as one of the best technology corporations in the globe. It offers several services and products such as Server solutions, data solutions, and certifications. Most IT professionals recognize Microsoft as an ideal vendor of credentials that validate their expertise in technology. Recently, Microsoft upgraded its certification program by introducing role-based badges that …

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Microsoft stands out as one of the best technology corporations in the globe. It offers several services and products such as Server solutions, data solutions, and certifications. Most IT professionals recognize Microsoft as an ideal vendor of credentials that validate their expertise in technology. Recently, Microsoft upgraded its certification program by introducing role-based badges that focus on industry-standard skills. 

Besides the role-based certifications, professionals can also earn the previously issued credentials that are mainly technology-focused, and one of such is the MCSA Windows Server 2016 badge. It can be achieved by passing three exams, which include: 

  • Exam 70-740: Installation, compute and storage with Windows Server 2016
  • Exam 70-741: Networking with Windows Server 2016
  • Exam 70-742: Identity with Windows Server 2016

Before we drill down into the reasons for getting certified, let’s cover exam 70-740 to which this article is devoted to. 

Microsoft 70-740 Exam Details

This exam was designed for specialists who work with Windows Server 2016 and want to get new skills and prove their knowledge. To take it you should already have some working experience with server solutions, know how to install, storage, and compute the related functionalities, how to configure disks and volumes and more. You can find the whole list of the recommended skills on the official Microsoft website.

Exam MD-100 itself focuses on equipping the professionals with the ultimate skills in the operation and management of Windows Server 2016. It is made up of the following exam topics:

  • Installation of Windows Servers in Compute and Host environments
  • Implementation of Storage Solutions
  • Implementing Hyper-V
  • Windows Containers Implementation
  • Implementing High Availability
  • Maintaining and Monitoring Server Environments

In addition, Microsoft 70-740 is a 2-hour closed book exam which contains 40-60 questions extracted from the above topics. It is also a requirement for every candidate to pay an exam registration fee of $165 in order to be considered to sit for this particular exam.

Reasons for getting certified

Every individual has a unique reason for getting certified but there are always some common arguments. Now, let’s unveil some of them!

1) Stay in touch with technology changes

In every sector, technology has been embedded to ease the way in which things are carried on. Most of the time, there are advancements. About 2 decades ago, we moved from the analog generation to the digital one which is tremendously growing each day. Most of the services today are done online via the internet or a network infrastructure. As a result, you need to be updated with the key changes that are always taking place. And the best way to do it is to get certified prepaway.biz

2) Expand your knowledgebase

It is also important to ensure that you have an expanded understanding of technology. Microsoft certifications are known to cover broad skills in ICT. Therefore, taking one of the available certifications gives you a broad understanding of the area concerned. For instance, 70-740 exam gives you an exclusive and precise understanding of the entire Windows Server 2016. You will be able to install and perform the various computational task which makes the Server responsive and effective.

3) Get recognized by potential employers

Many professionals always show up during interviews for various job roles. Most of the time, it is the nature of the hiring managers to give opportunities to candidates who are competent, dedicated and committed to their careers. Having passed 70-740 exam gives you a chance to be recognized and you can become a Computer Systems Administrator, a Computer Network Specialist. This is because excellence in a certification exam shows that you have the knowledge and skills which the company or organization requires. Therefore, Microsoft 70-740 exam and the MCSA Windows Server 2016 credential draw the hiring managers’ attention.

4) Receive higher pay

Everyone wants to be paid higher despite the tough economy. In most cases, employers only pay higher for the professionals who have gone the extra mile in making the company’s business stronger. Having a certification from the leading vendor convinces the employers that you can provide more valuable solutions to their business and hence you are an asset to their business. According to Payscale.com, the average annual salary a professional with the MCSA certification can earn is $74,000.

5) Gain promotions

Climbing your career ladder is always a desire because it is not good to be in the same position forever. Employers consider posts or promotions to be perfect for professionals who have leadership and organizational skills. Passing 70-740 exam and other two exams which lead to the MCSA Windows Server 2016 credential shows that you have these skills. This is because you have to dedicate your time and resources to prepare for the exams. More so, you have excelled in the exams showing that you know how to strategize tasks to be successful.

How to Prepare for 70-740 Exam?

If you are looking for a better way to prepare for a certification exam, then utilize exam dumps from Prepaway.biz. They are so important because they will help you get familiar with the exam setup, identify the knowledge gaps, gauge your speed, get hands-on skills and gain the confidence to tackle the main assessment.

At PrepAway you can download free dumps for 70-740 exam that were compiled by recent exam-takers. Also, this website offers a paid Premium Bundle for this test. For the price of $39,99, you may get the ete file with the questions and answers verified by IT professionals, a training course, and a study guide to boost your preparation. To open these ete files you shouldinstall a special ETE Exam Simulator which will present you the exam environment.

Conclusion

Microsoft certifications are important for every professional in the IT industry. You should ensure that you have earned a certification that is relevant to your area of specialization. So, get the beneficial exam dumps from the Prepaway.biz website, start your preparation, pass the required exams and enjoy the advantages the certification can provide you with. All the best as you aim higher in your career!

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In an industry first, RealT enables investors around the globe to earn passive income from tokenized real estate https://techannouncer.com/in-an-industry-first-realt-enables-investors-around-the-globe-to-earn-passive-income-from-tokenized-real-estate/ Fri, 28 Feb 2020 11:37:11 +0000 https://techbullion.com/?p=13427 Florida, February, 2020 – RealT (RealToken Inc.), the web-based platform for tokenizing property ownership in the United States, enables investors around the world to earn dividends from real estate on a fractional basis for the first time. RealT, which runs on the Ethereum blockchain and is integrated with Uniswap Exchange, serves retail investors from more …

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Florida, February, 2020 – RealT (RealToken Inc.), the web-based platform for tokenizing property ownership in the United States, enables investors around the world to earn dividends from real estate on a fractional basis for the first time. RealT, which runs on the Ethereum blockchain and is integrated with Uniswap Exchange, serves retail investors from more than 40 countries outside the U.S., including Germany, Hong Kong, Singapore, and Argentina. At the end of 2019, RealT also opened its doors to US accredited investors.

Until now, investing in real estate and earning passive income has been seen as a luxury of the wealthy, something reserved for people like Sam Zell. That’s because it hasn’t been possible to invest in a fraction of a real estate property. In order to earn passive income on real estate, an investor would have to buy an entire property, barring purchasing REIT or other basket of properties that typically have high fees. Tokenization, on the other hand, allows real estate to be fractionalized into small shares that retail investors can afford, all while streamlining the investment process, offering liquidity and cutting through the lengthy process and administrative requirements associated with the traditional real estate market. By tokenizing real estate shares, RealT democratizes the industry.  

RealT’s blockchain-powered platform affords investors the legal rights and protections associated with the traditional real estate market. Ownership of each property listed on RealT’s platform is distributed across a finite number of tokens, specific to each property, called generally “RealTokens.” Owners collect revenue from rent and, based on their number of tokens, vote on property decisions. RealT distributes the month’s rent into normalized daily payments, allowing property owners to immediately see a return on their investment. Properties listed on RealT’s platform are managed by a property management company, which sources tenants, collects rent, and manages repairs, so the diverse group of investors doesn’t have to. 

Tenants pay rent in USD, which is then converted to DAI, a stablecoin pegged to the U.S. dollar, and sent directly to the Ethereum wallet owned by the investor. Through RealT, the money transfers are instant — no need to wait 30 days to receive a bank transfer. Rental income is normalized across the month, minus expenses. Fractional ownership democratizes access to real estate investment, distributing and minimizing risk, complications, and labor involved with owning property. 

“Tokenization creates a reality in which everyone becomes the landlord of the future,” says Remy Jacobson, CEO & Co-Founder of RealT. “With RealT, investors of all kinds can take part in the real estate market on a fully compliant platform that offers all the advantages of the traditional real estate market.”

About Us: 

Founded in May 2019 by brothers Remy and Jean-Marc Jacobson, RealT is a company that democratizes the real estate industry through tokenization. The Florida-based company enables investors around the world to participate in the U.S. real estate market through fractional, tokenized ownership on a fully compliant platform powered by the Ethereum blockchain. 

  • Remy Jacobson, CEO & Co-Founder
  • Jean-Marc Jacobson, CEO & Co-Founder
  • David Hoffman, COO
  • Gary Krat, Partner

Investors around the world can now buy into the U.S. real estate market through fractional, tokenized ownership on a fully compliant platform powered by Ethereum blockchain. 

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5 Innovations that Will Transform your Digital Marketing Strategy https://techannouncer.com/5-innovations-that-will-transform-your-digital-marketing-strategy/ Fri, 28 Feb 2020 11:37:07 +0000 https://techbullion.com/?p=13430 The most innovative digital marketing trends not only prepare you for the changes within your specific market but help you to establish a broad marketing strategy – intended to increase visibility and maximise revenue. To anyone looking for unmatched platform to have their businesses known, attract new customers while boosting sales levels in the future, …

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The most innovative digital marketing trends not only prepare you for the changes within your specific market but help you to establish a broad marketing strategy – intended to increase visibility and maximise revenue.

To anyone looking for unmatched platform to have their businesses known, attract new customers while boosting sales levels in the future, it is prudent to be alert all round to stay up to date on matters related to digital marketing. This is a major step forward to staying ahead of the marketing competition.

To maintain an all-time flow of your business, marketing is always a major pillar. Any businessman that never invests in marketing is a literal investor in the downfall of the same. Digital marketing is considered the latest and the most effective mode with the biggest audience. As a marketer, your interest is highly motivated by the number of people you are able to reach within the shortest time possible.

Some of the major pointers that any businessman willing to remain relevant has to observe are highlighted here:

1) Micro-moment marketing

Micro-moment marketing is an effective strategy in digital marketing. It is always convenient and not affected by seasons since the audience is always at its highest. Its convenience works for both the buyer and the seller. This makes available the answer a certain buyer is probably looking for. It is a major tool that brings awareness to the buyers as long as your marketing strategies have most customer expectations considered.  One major observation about it is that, a buyer’s decision is highly influenced by what is captured in the advertisement.

With many people slowly but surely creating  intimacy with their smartphones and other related devices, micromarketing is an all-in-one marketing platform like Adrack that plays a major role in driving brand responsiveness objectives. To fully understand the ripeness of time, a marketer should stay updated on the customers’ online discussions on a certain product or brand. 

2) Innovative Content

Innovativeness is directly related to uniqueness in presentation. The way you present information about your brand will highly influence the buyer’s decision.  This goes hand in hand with creativity. A uniquely presented idea attracts more audience and in return makes you stay ahead of your competitors. 

When it comes to innovative content, a  number of strategies may be used. This may include the use of images. Anyone browsing through the internet will certainly make a stopover wherever an image pops up. This is especially so if it has anything to do with a certain celebrity. Another strategy is the use of infographics. Reading through a long phrase to get details about a brand could be boring. As an augmented reality technology, Use of icons, images as well as charts makes it easy and enjoyable to read through the details. Use of infographics provides the reader with easy-to-digest information hence increasing the rate of reader to buyer conversion.

3) Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning

With the topical  use of artificial intelligence and machine learning in digital marketing, it is prudent  for the current digital marketers to learn the best tricks in which they can apply the technology in their strategies. Artificial Intelligence and machine learning complement each other so well even though they are separate. Artificial intelligence concentrates on harnessing the mind set while machine learning concentrates on enabling the people to solve specific problems efficiently.

A major benefit of machine learning technology is that people can easily translate twisted knowledge in given consumer data to iron out marketing strategies. 

4) Augmented Reality

This is a modern mode of digital marketing where the marketer makes use of videos, text and images to pass information about a brand or a product. Through the use of smartphones and other related gadgets, the buyer will be able to view the relayed information at any given time. 

With 3D technology, augmented reality is a perfect tool when it comes to digital marketing. It is targeted to capture a larger audience due to the fact that it is entertaining to the viewer. To use the augmented reality effectively, the user needs to scan a special trigger with the help of an application. With the help of the device’s camera, the user is able to view images and videos from different angles in respect to how they move their devices.

As an added advantage, augmented reality technology gives you a platform to communicate with customers as they explore your product. With the digital packaging theme in place, the user is continuously entertained as they view information about specific products. 

5) Big data

Just as the name suggests, Big data describes data in large volumes  whether in structured or none structured form. The size of data is not an important aspect in any digital marketing setup. What really matters is how the involved organizations handle the volume of data they have. Data presented using big data digital marketing strategy comes in various formats ranging from structured to unstructured. Structured formats involve numerical data while unstructured data includes emails, videos among others.

Looking at the advent and uptake of digital marketing, it is clear that you can easily create awareness of your products to the customers on a direct media platform. It is also in order to say that digital marketing is a timeless platform in the sense that information is available all the time for the customers to view. This gives a major boost to the products awareness efforts.

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In 2020, Live-Journalism Is Helping to Bridge the Gap with Women In Tech and Online Bullying https://techannouncer.com/in-2020-live-journalism-is-helping-to-bridge-the-gap-with-women-in-tech-and-online-bullying-2/ Fri, 28 Feb 2020 00:38:14 +0000 https://techbullion.com/?p=13418 Earlier this month, the U.S. Department of Homeland Security honored ‘Safer Internet Day 2020’, a worldwide event held every February that is aimed at promoting the safe and positive use of digital technology for all users—but most importantly, for our children.  What began as an initiative by the European Union (EU) in 2004, which has …

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Earlier this month, the U.S. Department of Homeland Security honored ‘Safer Internet Day 2020’, a worldwide event held every February that is aimed at promoting the safe and positive use of digital technology for all users—but most importantly, for our children. 

What began as an initiative by the European Union (EU) in 2004, which has now grown to unite millions of people from around 150 countries worldwide. And in today’s era of media and journalism, advocating for good, digital hygiene couldn’t me more necessary—especially with online trolling and bullying becoming unfortunately, more prevalent by the hour.

What we haven’t seen much of (if at all), are media companies taking an active stand to rise above poor online behavior and spreading fake news. And that’s where The Cybersmile Foundation and live-journalism technology publisher, Grit Daily come into the picture.

Headquartered in the U.K. and operating its U.S. operations out of Palo Alto, California, the Cybersmile Foundation is a multi-award-winning anti-cyberbullying non-profit that provides 24/7 support for victims of cyberbullying and online hate crimes—delivering advice and educational programs to those affected and their families. 

Just a few weeks back, Cybersmile recently announced its U.S. partnership with Grit Daily to help Cybersmile promote its mission for a “truly inclusive internet for everybody,” as it shared excitingly on its website. 

Reaching over 5.2 million internet users each year and based in New York, Grit Daily is not just an editorial news outlet, but is known for its live-journalism division, Grit Daily Live!—creating pop-up events throughout every major city in the U.S., including New York City (Microsoft Reactor), Miami (Miami Art Summit at Art Basel), Los Angeles, Park City, Utah (Park City Summit at Sundance) and soon to be Austin, Texas (Grit Daily House at SXSW).

Grit Daily Live!’s ‘Miami Art Summit’ co-hosted with JADA Art at Miami’s Art Basel 2020

Grit Daily Live! has created “pop-up” events which include breakfast roundtables, mixers, and panels on today’s biggest stories, covering up-and-coming established brands, women entrepreneurs, pop-culture, and technology across the social media, fashion, and consumer technology sectors. 

Its most recent event happened to be this week at Microsoft Reactor in Times Square, at Grit Daily’s ‘Zero Waste Summit’ which explored why the U.S. produces over 250 million tons of trash per year, and the scary psychology behind our everyday consumables. The event was moderated by Brendan Sullivan, a contributor to Esquire Magazine and an old friend and former DJ to Lady Gaga. 

  Credit: Grit Daily

 Back in January, Grit Daily held its “Park City Summit,” in Park City, Utah during Sundance Film Festival, where Sundance’s enigmatic side of content was brought to life by moderators including, Naomi Grossman (American Horror Story) and KJ Smith (Sistas).

In its announcement, Cybersmile’s Head of Engagement, Iain Alexander, emphasized Grit Daily’s ability to provide a new perspective to what he considers to be an engaged and influential audience eager to learn more about technological developments and educational initiatives across the board.

I spoke with Grit Daily’s founders, who also happen to be attorneys, Jordan French and Andrew Rossow, about the impact this partnership will bring to the media and journalism space:

“It’s encouraging to see Cybersmile proactively putting up the fight to tackle one of the Internet’s biggest viruses—and our mission is to bring a cure to that virus,” French told me. French was recently recognized by Innovation & Tech Today for he and Grit Daily’s efforts in bridging the gap of media coverage of women in technology.

“The fight for equality must be constant,” French told Innovation & Tech, “and you have to be all in, all the time. You can’t fight for equality on Monday but forget about the struggle come Friday. It’s going to take a lot of GRIT to put an end to inequality.”

(L-R): Grit Daily founders, Jordan French and Andrew Rossow at CES 2020 in Las Vegas holding its first inaugural Speakers Dinner, with notable attendees including Yahoo! News’ Senior Tech reporter, Rob Pegoraro and CES’ Robin Raskin.

As for Rossow, who is also a practicing internet and technology attorney, his mission to reduce online bullying goes beyond just media journalism, with his globally trademarked anti-bullying movement, #CYBERBYTE. 

“We at Grit Daily are excited to partner with The Cybersmile Foundation because it emphasizes the importance of how fragile our media and journalism space is at this moment,” Rossow added. “Social media is our newest digital weapon, and we need to reduce its ammo—bad actors who feel that it’s okay to target people online with almost no factual support or reason for doing so. ‘Sticks and stones’ may be dead—but words do hurt and now they are immortalized…online.”

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AI Being Applied to Optimize Electric Battery Recharging https://techannouncer.com/ai-being-applied-to-optimize-electric-battery-recharging/ Thu, 27 Feb 2020 22:30:42 +0000 https://www.aitrends.com/?p=18699 Recent research into the application of AI to electric vehicle battery charging and testing is showing dramatic gains in efficiency. (GETTY IMAGES) By AI Trends Staff A team of researchers from Stanford University, MIT and the Toyota Research Institute have used AI to dramatically speed up the time required to test and optimally charge batteries …

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Recent research into the application of AI to electric vehicle battery charging and testing is showing dramatic gains in efficiency. (GETTY IMAGES)

By AI Trends Staff

A team of researchers from Stanford University, MIT and the Toyota Research Institute have used AI to dramatically speed up the time required to test and optimally charge batteries for electric vehicles (EVs).

As recently reported in Nature, Stanford professors Stefano Ermon and William Chueh sought ways to charge an EV battery more quickly while maximizing the overall battery life. The study showed how a patented AI program could predict different ways batteries would react to charging methods.

The software also decided in real time what charging approaches to focus on or ignore. The researchers cut the testing process from two years to 16 days by reducing the length and number of trials.

Stefano Ermon, Professor of Computer Science, Stanford University

The machine learning system was trained on data of batteries that failed. It was able to detect patterns for predicting how long batteries would last.

This resulted in a new fast-charging protocol, which showed how to optimize battery life. Using AI in battery testing is a new approach, according to the researchers.

“When talking to material scientists and people who work in batteries for a living, we realized that nobody was actually using more sophisticated AI in this space, so we thought it was promising,” stated Ermon, a professor of computer science at Stanford, in an interview published in TechRepublic.

He described the many ways to charge a battery. “You can apply different voltages, different currents, different intensities––they may all charge the battery in the same amount of time, but some might harm the internal components of the battery,” he stated. “Depending on what kind of charging protocol you use, that can significantly affect the life of the battery.”

Major EV manufacturers may take an interest, Ermon predicted.

“We figured out how to greatly accelerate the testing process for extreme fast charging,” stated Peter Attia, who participated in the study as a graduate student, in an interview with SciTechDaily. “What’s really exciting, though, is the method. We can apply this approach to many other problems that, right now, are holding back battery development for months or years.”

“Machine learning is trial-and-error, but in a smarter way,” stated Aditya Grover, a graduate student in computer science who also participated in the study. “Computers are far better than us at figuring out when to explore – try new and different approaches – and when to exploit, or zero in, on the most promising ones.”

Ermon stated, “It gave us this surprisingly simple charging protocol – something we didn’t expect. That’s the difference between a human and a machine: The machine is not biased by human intuition, which is powerful but sometimes misleading.”

Wider Application Seen

The approach has the potential to accelerate every piece of the battery development pipeline, from designing the chemistry of a batter, to determining its size and shape, to finding better systems for manufacturing and storing, the researchers suggested. This has implications not only for EV battery charging but for other types of energy storage, such as for wind and solar power.

“This is a new way of doing battery development,” stated Patrick Herring, a co-author of the study and a scientist at the Toyota Research Institute. “Having data that you can share among a large number of people in academia and industry, and that is automatically analyzed, enables much faster innovation.”

The researchers intend to make the study’s machine learning and data collection system available for future battery scientists to freely use.

Ermon suggested other big data testing problems, from drug development to optimizing the performance of X-rays and lasers, could be revolutionized by the use of machine learning optimization.

Private industry has been working on applying AI to battery charging as well. Researchers at battery company StoreDot have been using machine learning to extend its capabilities, wrote Dr. Doron Myersford, CEO of StoreDot, in a recent account in Engineering and Technology.

“An initial foray into this technique has achieved remarkable results,” he stated, resulting in a decision to dedicate an R&D team to building capabilities in machine learning. The plan is to apply the lessons learned to the company’s next generation of EV batteries. He cautioned, “Ultra-fast charging presents a very complex issue,” involving innovative data science combined with expertise in electrochemistry, cell structure, anodes, cathodes and electrolytes, so more complex conclusions can be reached.

In other battery research efforts, the search is on for new materials that can store more energy than the graphite anode in modern lithium-ion batteries, according to a recent account in Battery Power Online. Rechargeable batteries with lithium metal anodes could represent the ultimate limit in energy density; however, they face major technical and safety hurdles. The high energy density means they are prone to react with other components in a battery cell to break down through large volume changes. They also run the risk of short circuiting, causing rapid heat generation and potential fire or explosion. Research is continuing.

Read the source articles in Nature, TechRepublic, SciTechDaily, Engineering and Technology and Battery Power Online.

Source

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Considering The Practical Impacts Of Achieving Einstein-Level AI https://techannouncer.com/considering-the-practical-impacts-of-achieving-einstein-level-ai/ Thu, 27 Feb 2020 22:30:23 +0000 https://www.aitrends.com/?p=18684 Developers of AI software for self-driving cars need to decide if Einstein-level of intelligence or a more ordinary intellect makes for the smartest drivers. (GETTY IMAGES) By Lance Eliot, the AI Trends Insider Too smart for their own good. Smarter than their britches. Egghead. Pointy head. An Einstein. These are the kinds of semi-polite insults …

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Developers of AI software for self-driving cars need to decide if Einstein-level of intelligence or a more ordinary intellect makes for the smartest drivers. (GETTY IMAGES)

By Lance Eliot, the AI Trends Insider

Too smart for their own good.

Smarter than their britches.

Egghead.

Pointy head.

An Einstein.

These are the kinds of semi-polite insults that are sometimes used to take down someone that seems to be highly intelligent.

This can be especially used whenever the person evokes the know-it-all kind of stance and tries to lord over others with their professed smartness and smarty-pants attitude.

Not everyone that might be in the intellectual high-end rankings is necessarily the type that wants to make sure that you know they are the mental giant in the room, but it does seem to happen with great regularity and presumably to the delight of the brainy colossus that is overtly full of their own boastfulness.

How shall we weigh the brainiac in terms of gauging their peak-level intellectual power?

I suppose you could remove their brain, place it on a scale, and see how much it weighs.

Probably not very conducive though to their continuing capacity as a living, breathing, functioning human being. Speaking of physically measuring the brain, there have been all sorts of efforts to try to dig up brains of famously smart people and do various dissections of their brains, doing so in hopes of being able to ascertain what made them so sharp.

Nowadays, the usual measuring stick for figuring out someone’s intellectual proficiency is the IQ (Intelligent Quotient) test.

Using a standard such as the classic Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scale test, which was first promulgated in 1916, there are often published rankings that try to make claim to whom among us is the topmost intellect. Stephen Hawking was around an IQ score of 160, something that we know due to his actually having undertaken an IQ test.

Albert Einstein’s score of around 160 to 190 is an estimate based on analyses of his writings and works (he apparently never took an IQ test, though he could have done so, but perhaps opted purposely to not take it or never had cause to take one).

Typically, if you can score 115 or above you are labeled as someone with a high IQ.

Getting a score of over 132 will get you bumped-up into the highly gifted category. The 145 and above is considered at the genius level.

The highest ever recorded is supposedly a score of 263, but there is some disagreement about the matter (this score is attributed to Ainan Celeste Cawley, born in 1999 and alive to this day).

Questioning The IQ Measurement

Not everyone believes in the IQ bandwagon.

Some would say that the IQ test is a questionable means to measure someone’s intellectual prowess.

There are predetermined aspects such as the nature of your language, your culture, and your propensity to solve puzzles, all of which makes critics decry that the IQ number is at best a surrogate of intellect and at worst a misleading gauge of intellect. There are also concerns that those that perchance score high on the IQ test will then consider themselves a kind of special class of human, perhaps encouraging them to look down upon others. The Mensa group, which is a high-IQ association, admits only those that have at least a score of 132 or other such scores depending upon the IQ test being used.

Another qualm about IQ tests is that it seems to judge your bookworm kind of thinking, more so than a true “smartness” indicator.

I’m sure you’ve seen the common portrayal in movies and TV shows of the highly intellectual person that cannot tie their own shoes and cannot open a paper bag. If someone can do really well on tests that ask about obscure numeric patterns or mind-numbing word games, does this really showcase intellect? It might, depending upon your definition, but it generally is not considered the same as measuring your smartness.

Some believe that being smart is different from having a high intellect.

You might so happen to be highly intellectual and also highly smart. There are some that believe you can be highly smart, perhaps tip-top smart, and yet not necessarily have an extremely high intellect. Generally, the odds are that you’d score well on an IQ test, but the high IQ doesn’t necessarily translate into being highly smart, and nor does the aspect of being highly smart necessarily indicate you’ll be an A+ on an IQ test.

Another concern about any of the IQ tests is that your intellectual performance is being measured only at a given point in time.

Maybe at a relatively young age you could score a quite high IQ, but later on in your middle-aged years you aren’t able to score as high. Does that mean you’ve dropped in your intellect? This takes us into the other word that some like to use, the word is “wisdom” and for which once again there is a debate about the relationship between wisdom, intellect, and smartness.

You might gain wisdom as you grow older, at least that’s the usual expectation.

Will you also increase your IQ?

Some claim your IQ is your IQ, no matter what your age and when you perchance take an IQ test. This though does not bear out in terms of the reality, which is that people can take an IQ test at different points in their life and have differing scores. Plus, you can take a different kind of IQ test and score differently on it that you might on some other also “valid” IQ test.

The debate that really gets people bubbling on the IQ topic involves whether your IQ is based on nature versus nurture.

Are you born with a particular IQ level that will ultimately surface once you become of an age to be able to express it?

Thus, it’s a DNA kind of thing. Or, are we all perhaps born with the same IQ potential and your upbringing and environment will dictate how far your IQ will emerge? Perhaps it’s a nurturing element for which some of us happen to get the proper intellectual inspirational blooming and others of us don’t.

The half-in half-out answer is usually stated that you are born with some IQ capacity and it will either emerge or not depending upon your environment and how you are raised.

If we put a baby in the woods to be raised by wild wolves, and the baby happened to have an IQ of 260, which we had not yet been able to measure of the tiny tot but say we guessed that the tiny baby had such an IQ, would the genius level IQ ever be showcased? Would being among wolves allow for the IQ to come to the surface? Would a tree make a sound if it fell in the woods and there was no one around to hear it?

Darwin had an interesting take on intellect.

He proposed that your intellect might contribute toward your survivability in a manner you might not have previously considered. Sure, we would guess that if you had an IQ you could hopefully figure out how to make fire and hunt gazelles, which would presumably enhance your chances of survival. Darwin also hypothesized that topnotch intellect would attract mates and therefore boost your chance of survivability and for carrying on your legacy of high intellect.

For those of you that might have been beat-up by a strong-armed muscle rippling bully as a child, and for as much as our society seems to be keen on humans having muscular bodies, it is perhaps a surprise to consider that intellect might be so revered and be on Darwin’s favorites list.

We are used to the trope that the nerdish kid is the one that is physically meek and mild. The physical imposing one is the one that gets ahead and readily attracts all the mates. Our fascination with the character Spiderman is representative of this kind of imagery.

Learning From Parrots About IQ

A recent study of budgerigars, a type of parrot, provides an ingenious glimpse of how we might try to test Darwin’s hypothesis.

Researchers in China tried to construct an experiment to see whether female budgerigars would be more attracted to male budgerigars that demonstrated greater intellect than other male budgerigars involved in the study (this was research done by the Institute of Zoology at the Chinese Academy of Sciences in Beijing).

The male budgerigars were presented with a difficult foraging task. Some were shown how to solve it, but this happened outside the gaze of the female budgerigars.

The female budgerigars were able to watch the male participants try to open a container and access food. The males that had no prior training (i.e., not being shown the trick), were generally unable to open the container. The males that had the prior training could open the container. Presumably, the female budgerigars would infer that the males that were successful in getting the food were the intellectually sharper ones and the males that failed at doing so were intellectually inferior.

I’ll steer clear for now on the question of whether this is a gender-biased study and merely note it for your noteworthiness.

In any case, the outcome of the study was that the females tended to prefer the males that had succeeded in obtaining the food from the container. You might argue that it suggests the females were more attracted to the seemingly higher intellectual males. In a manner, it provides evidence to support Darwin’s hypothesis on the matter.

I realize that you are perhaps a bit skeptical about the experimental approach and whether the designed experiment really is on-target to Darwin’s theory.

For example, how do we know what the female budgerigars were really thinking about?

Maybe they ascribed other attributes to the males that succeeded in the task, and those attributes might have little or nothing to do with a perceived sense of intellectual prowess. Furthermore, the females were never allowed to try to undertake the task, so they were not fully aware of what the task consisted of and had to base their “choices” as to the males based solely on watching them perform the experimental task.

Another potential weakness about the study involves our overall conundrum about how to measure intellect. The means of figuring out how to get into a locked container might be considered a problem-solving kind of task, which might or might not require high intellect, and therefore we could debate if intellect is truly being encompassed and exhibited in this study. Were the males merely showcasing keen problem-solving skills rather than high intellect per se?

Based on the experimental design, we need to accept the idea that we are to infer that the container access matter is a sign of good problem solving and that correspondingly, a good problem solver is ergo a high intellectual. Recall that earlier it was pointed out that smartness and intellect are not necessarily the same. Why should we believe that keen problem-solving and intellect are necessarily the same?

They probably are not, most would likely say.

Is this problem-solving task a valid surrogate in lieu of administering to the budgerigars our now-accepted IQ measurement tool, namely the Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scale test?

Makes one kind of chuckle to consider how we might get the budgerigars to take a conventional IQ test. Ponder, how might we ask these Australian parakeets to take an IQ test. These gregarious parakeets are typically referred to as the budgie, and I’d suggest it would be quite interesting to watch as the budgie “read” a conventional IQ test and pencil in, or shall we say peck in, their answers.

Let’s get back to human intellect.

The parrot study was mainly to illuminate that intellect is presumably a quite important matter and that Darwin was a proponent of the belief that intellect ties to survivability, doing so for humans and other animals too.

Considering AI and IQ

In the field of Artificial Intelligence (AI), the presumed overarching goal consists of trying to make machines that seem to exhibit the equivalent of human intelligence.

I’ve tried to word that sentence carefully. Notice that I’m saying that the machine is not necessarily the same as humans in terms of how human intelligence exists.

Many would assert that if we can reach intelligence in machines and do so in a manner that might be quite different from how humans arise to intelligence, we have nonetheless succeeded in achieving artificial intelligence.

The famous Turing Test is a somewhat simple notion of how we might measure whether AI has been achieved or not. Generally, it consists of having a machine that has presumably AI that competes with a human that presumably has human intelligence, and another human asks questions of the two competitors. If the human inquisitor cannot differentiate between the two competitors and is unable to state which is the AI and which is the human, one could infer that the AI has achieved human intelligence.

For my detailed assessment of the Turing Test, see my article: https://www.aitrends.com/selfdrivingcars/turing-test-ai-self-driving-cars/

For the notion of so-called Super-Intelligence, see my article: https://www.aitrends.com/selfdrivingcars/super-intelligent-ai-paperclip-maximizer-conundrum-and-ai-self-driving-cars/

Whether we are facing a grand singularity, see my article: https://www.aitrends.com/selfdrivingcars/singularity-and-ai-self-driving-cars/

For my article about why some say we should start over on the AI pursuit, see: https://www.aitrends.com/selfdrivingcars/starting-over-on-ai-and-self-driving-cars/

For conspiracies about AI, see my article: https://www.aitrends.com/selfdrivingcars/conspiracy-theories-about-ai-self-driving-cars/

Here’s a good question to contemplate. How high is up?

I mention this because the question arises as to how much intelligence do we need to say that there is an AI that is indeed intelligent?

Suppose an AI system can pass the Turing Test.

Suppose further we give the AI an IQ test.

Many would claim that a score of 70 or lower is an indicator of an intellectual disability. Imagine what we would be pondering if the AI took an IQ test and got a score of say 50.

What a dilemma!

We have an AI system that appeared to pass the Turing Test and seems to be intelligent, and yet at the same time did quite poorly on the IQ test. I realize you might assert that the AI would have been unable to succeed at the Turing Test if it did not have a sufficient IQ, presumably an IQ of at least around 100, which is the “normal” average that usually is scored. I’m not so convinced that you are correct in that assertion.

I’ll shift our attention though from the bottom side of the IQ scale to the top side of the IQ scale.

How high up will we want the AI to score?

If the AI can score at say 115, which is the considered high-IQ range, would that be sufficient?

Consider this scenario.

Your life is in the hands of a robot that must decide what to do and potentially save you. You can choose a robot that has an IQ of 50 (considered intellectually disabled), or one that has an IQ of 100 (intellectually average for a human), or one that has a score of 115 (high IQ), or a score of 160 (Stephen Hawking’s score), or 190 (exceeds genius), or even let’s say the never-yet-human achieved score of 300 (knocking the socks off the IQ test!).

I’m guessing you’ll pick the highest possible number.

You would presumably use the logic that the higher the intellect of the robot then the greater the chance of it making sure your life is saved. Why take a chance on a robot that has “only” an IQ of 160 (Hawking’s level and Einstein’s level), if you could pick one that is off-the-charts at 300? If you could get yourself a robot that had the AI equivalence of two-times the score of Einstein, it would seem unwise of you to take anything lower.

Right now, AI systems are being built and deployed, but there isn’t anyone especially measuring what their intellectual score is. The belief seems to be that if the AI can “do the job” it was intended to do, hopefully it is intellectually commensurate enough. Should we be pleased with this approach? Are you willing to be at the mercy of an AI system for which no one even knows how intellectually low or high it is?

We also need to revisit the earlier points about smartness versus intellect.

I can tell you straight out that the AI of today does not have smartness.

The AI of today is brittle and considered narrow and lacks what often is referred to as Artificial General Intelligence (AGI).

I also earlier mentioned the notion of wisdom, which, again the AI of today would be far below any kind of wisdom scale (not even anywhere on such a scale). There are ongoing efforts to try to imbue AI with common sense reasoning, but it is a long slow road, and nobody knows whether it will ever even succeed.

For my assessment of common sense reasoning efforts, see my article: https://www.aitrends.com/selfdrivingcars/common-sense-reasoning-and-ai-self-driving-cars/

For plasticity in Deep Learning, see my article: https://www.aitrends.com/ai-insider/plasticity-in-deep-learning-dynamic-adaptations-for-ai-self-driving-cars/

For the boundaries of AI, see my article: https://www.aitrends.com/selfdrivingcars/ai-boundaries-and-self-driving-cars-the-driving-controls-debate/

For the AI irreproducibility problem, see my article: https://www.aitrends.com/selfdrivingcars/irreproducibility-and-ai-self-driving-cars/

AI Self-Driving Cars and IQ

What does this have to do with AI self-driving driverless autonomous cars?

At the Cybernetic AI Self-Driving Car Institute, we are developing AI software for self-driving cars. One question that nobody seems to yet be asking is whether we are supposed to be aiming for regular cognition or something more pronounced such as superior cognition. This ties to the discussion herein so far about intellect.

Allow me to elaborate.

I’d like to first clarify and introduce the notion that there are varying levels of AI self-driving cars. The topmost level is considered Level 5. A Level 5 self-driving car is one that is being driven by the AI and there is no human driver involved. For the design of Level 5 self-driving cars, the automakers are even removing the gas pedal, brake pedal, and steering wheel, since those are contraptions used by human drivers. The Level 5 self-driving car is not being driven by a human and nor is there an expectation that a human driver will be present in the self-driving car. It’s all on the shoulders of the AI to drive the car.

For self-driving cars less than a Level 5 and Level 4, there must be a human driver present in the car. The human driver is currently considered the responsible party for the acts of the car. The AI and the human driver are co-sharing the driving task. In spite of this co-sharing, the human is supposed to remain fully immersed into the driving task and be ready at all times to perform the driving task. I’ve repeatedly warned about the dangers of this co-sharing arrangement and predicted it will produce many untoward results.

For my overall framework about AI self-driving cars, see my article: https://aitrends.com/selfdrivingcars/framework-ai-self-driving-driverless-cars-big-picture/

For the levels of self-driving cars, see my article: https://aitrends.com/selfdrivingcars/richter-scale-levels-self-driving-cars/

For why AI Level 5 self-driving cars are like a moonshot, see my article: https://aitrends.com/selfdrivingcars/self-driving-car-mother-ai-projects-moonshot/

For the dangers of co-sharing the driving task, see my article: https://aitrends.com/selfdrivingcars/human-back-up-drivers-for-ai-self-driving-cars/

Let’s focus herein on the true Level 5 self-driving car. Much of the comments apply to the less than Level 5 self-driving cars too, but the fully autonomous AI self-driving car will receive the most attention in this discussion.

Here’s the usual steps involved in the AI driving task:

  • Sensor data collection and interpretation
  • Sensor fusion
  • Virtual world model updating
  • AI action planning
  • Car controls command issuance

Another key aspect of AI self-driving cars is that they will be driving on our roadways in the midst of human driven cars too. There are some pundits of AI self-driving cars that continually refer to a Utopian world in which there are only AI self-driving cars on the public roads. Currently, there are about 250+ million conventional cars in the United States alone, and those cars are not going to magically disappear or become true Level 5 AI self-driving cars overnight.

Indeed, the use of human driven cars will last for many years, likely many decades, and the advent of AI self-driving cars will occur while there are still human driven cars on the roads. This is a crucial point since this means that the AI of self-driving cars needs to be able to contend with not just other AI self-driving cars, but also contend with human driven cars. It is easy to envision a simplistic and rather unrealistic world in which all AI self-driving cars are politely interacting with each other and being civil about roadway interactions. That’s not what is going to be happening for the foreseeable future. AI self-driving cars and human driven cars will need to be able to cope with each other.

For my article about the grand convergence that has led us to this moment in time, see: https://aitrends.com/selfdrivingcars/grand-convergence-explains-rise-self-driving-cars/

See my article about the ethical dilemmas facing AI self-driving cars: https://aitrends.com/selfdrivingcars/ethically-ambiguous-self-driving-cars/

For potential regulations about AI self-driving cars, see my article: https://aitrends.com/selfdrivingcars/assessing-federal-regulations-self-driving-cars-house-bill-passed/

For my predictions about AI self-driving cars for the 2020s, 2030s, and 2040s, see my article: https://aitrends.com/selfdrivingcars/gen-z-and-the-fate-of-ai-self-driving-cars/

Returning to the topic of cognition and intellect, let’s consider how the matter of the level of intellect applies to the advent of AI self-driving cars.

We’ve so far considered whether there is a need to aim for a “highest feasible” intellect for an AI system that we might be constructing and fielding.

For AI that is designed and built to drive a car, what level of intellectual prowess should be the overarching goal?

First, you could say that we should aim at the level of intellect as exhibited by humans in the case of performing the driving task.

That would seem to be a reasonable marker as to the intellect that we as a society expect for execution of driving a car.

In that case, you would be hard-pressed to suggest that any kind of “higher” intellect is needed per se. Generally, the average person is able to obtain a driver’s license and legally be able to drive a car. As such, we’d presumably say that an “average” IQ is sufficient for the driving effort, and therefore we could be satisfied with an average IQ in terms of the AI that would be driving a car. Perhaps a score of around 100 would be satisfactory.

Suppose we pushed to get the AI of a self-driving car to a higher level of IQ.

Would we gain much?

It is not especially convincing that a higher intellect is going to make that much difference in undertaking the driving task. Are expert-level drivers that race cars of a higher intellect? There doesn’t seem to be much study on that matter, but I’d guess that those race car drivers are more versed in the driving of cars and yet are not intellectually especially at a higher level than the rest of us. Are professional drivers such as cabbies or truck drivers at a higher level of intellect than average car drivers? Again, there doesn’t seem to be much evidence to suggest they are.

If we don’t seem to have a base of high intellects that drive cars, in other words no set of high IQ’s that happen to drive cars and that have been studied to see whether they are somehow more proficient at driving cars, we are left to speculate about the higher IQ and its relationship to driving. You could claim that a higher intellect might be able to think more rapidly when driving a car and be able to mentally add something to the driving chore.

Perhaps a higher intellect would allow a human driver to be more adept at piecing together the clues of the driving scene.

They might be able to see that there is a car up ahead and that there is a pedestrian on the sidewalk, and be able to put together puzzle pieces in a manner that lets them know the odds are that the car is going to hit its brakes, due to the pedestrian likely stepping onto the street, which will then cause the cars behind the stopped car to come to a sudden halt, and will cascade into a potential car crash. Notably, all of these mentally complex calculations being undertaken in a fraction of second, faster and more completely than someone of a lesser but average intellect.

In that manner, a higher intellect might foster being able to envision more complex car-related traffic possibilities. A higher intellect might enable the driver to find clues about the driving situation that those of an average intellect would fail to piece together. A higher intellect might suggest that the driver would be faster at processing the driving situation. This faster mental processing might allow for being able to sooner avoid adverse driving moments. Whereas an average driver might get “caught off-guard” because of not having detective-like realized the clues of a pending driving problem, a higher intellect might be more likely to do so. And by mentally processing it faster, this gives the higher intellect driver more available options since they sooner ascertained that some driving action was needed, upping the chances of being able to select among more early escape options.

For my article about the speed of cognition aspects, see: https://www.aitrends.com/selfdrivingcars/cognitive-timing-for-ai-self-driving-cars/

For the role of defensive driving mental calculations, see my article: https://www.aitrends.com/selfdrivingcars/art-defensive-driving-key-self-driving-car-success/

For the human foibles of driving, see my article: https://www.aitrends.com/selfdrivingcars/ten-human-driving-foibles-self-driving-car-deep-learning-counter-tactics/

For the driving complexities, see my article: https://www.aitrends.com/selfdrivingcars/prevalence-induced-behavior-and-ai-self-driving-cars/

For my article about scene analysis, see: https://www.aitrends.com/selfdrivingcars/street-scene-free-space-detection-self-driving-cars-road-ahead/

Will Higher Intellect Boost Driving

I realize you might argue that perhaps the higher intellect is not necessarily going to get all of those driving advantages.

Similar to the study of the budgerigars, perhaps driving a car is a problem-solving task and not as influenced simply by having higher intellect. You could assert that being able to perceive a driving scene and make life-critical decisions about operating a car is more so a problem-solving task rather than a purely intellectual exercise.

Thus, we might be barking up a wrong tree by trying to lay claim that the higher intellect will ergo lead to being a more adept driver.

The higher intellect might allow someone to be a better or faster problem-solver, but this is not axiomatic. These are two different items, whether being a topnotch problem solver versus having a high intellect. Presumably, if a higher intellect wanted to be a topnotch problem solver, they might have an easier time of doing so, prodded on by their high intellect, though it is not automatically the case.

We can also wonder whether a higher intellect might actually work against the notion of being a better driver of a car.

Remember the earlier mention that we as a society seem to assume that the higher intellect is often in the clouds in terms of not paying attention to day-to-day elements of life. We portray high intellects as unable to tie their own shoes. If that’s the case, it would seem that suggesting they are going to be driving a car at a higher plateau of driving proficiency is actually the opposite of what we should expect. We apparently should be worried about these higher intellects driving a car. They might be less able to do so in comparison to an average intellect driver.

Why would it be the case that a higher intellect might be a poorer or worse driver than someone of an average IQ?

You might at first assume that certainly the higher intellect would win at any task involving intellectual effort. The physical aspects of driving are generally rather simplistic, involving pushing a brake pedal and an accelerator pedal, and steering a wheel, all of which even a very young child can do. It’s the intellectual aspects of driving a car that appear to make the difference of being a proficient driver versus one that is not so proficient. A driver that cannot think quickly enough and tie together their sensory clues is one that is seemingly more likely to get into car accidents and create untoward traffic conditions.

We already as a society are concerned about distracted drivers. A distracted driver is one that is not paying attention to the driving task. The distraction can involve a physical form of distraction, such as taking your hands off the wheel to manipulate your smartphone, or maybe turning your head to talk to someone in the backseat of the car and thus your head is now turned away from the driving scene. The distraction can also be a form of intellectual distraction.

When your mind is focused on a text that you have just read on your smartphone, you are no longer well-engaged in the driving task. Even if your head and eyes are now facing the roadway, your mental awareness of the traffic conditions is going to be weakened by your mental preoccupation with the text that you read. I know that there is a lot of concern about using a smartphone while driving, but we’ve already had other forms of mental distractions too, such as talking with others in your car and discussing say the latest in politics or some other non-driving related matter.

You don’t even necessarily need to have something prompt you to mentally become disengaged with the driving task. Have you ever caught yourself daydreaming while driving your car? Imagine you are driving from Los Angeles to San Francisco, a six hour or so drive, and suppose it is a quiet traffic day and the main highway is pretty much empty. Nothing but miles upon miles of farms and rolling hills. For some people, they find themselves unable to concentrate on the roadway and their minds wander. This lack of mental connection to the driving task can catch them unaware if suddenly a tire blows or a deer darts across the highway.

One could suggest that at a higher level of intellect you might be able to multitask mentally more so than someone of an average intellect. If that’s the case, perhaps a minor mental distraction would not materially impact your driving, while for the person of average intellect it could have a more pronounced impact. In essence, if we imagine that intellect is like an apple pie, thinking about some text that you just got might consume half of the apple pie for an average intellect, but only a tiny slice of the apple pie of the higher intellect.

On the other hand, one could claim that perhaps the greater intellect is more prone to tossing their intellect at everything that comes along. In that case, whereas the average intellect might devote just a small mental slice to consider the text they just received, it could be that the higher intellect pours all of their mental capacity into thinking about the text, therefore having very limited intellect leftover to focus on the driving task.

For tests about human responsiveness while driving, see my article: https://www.aitrends.com/selfdrivingcars/not-fast-enough-human-factors-ai-self-driving-cars-control-transitions/

When humans get themselves into a tit-for-tat while driving, see my article: https://www.aitrends.com/selfdrivingcars/tit-for-tat-and-ai-self-driving-cars/

For my article about the role of greed, see: https://www.aitrends.com/selfdrivingcars/selfishness-self-driving-cars-ai-greed-good/

For my article about the dangers facing back-up drivers, see: https://www.aitrends.com/selfdrivingcars/human-back-up-drivers-for-ai-self-driving-cars/

Being Overly Smart Has Potential Downsides

I had earlier indicated that we often say that someone is smarter than their britches or too smart for their own good.

If we reword this to suggest that someone has too high an intellect for their own good, let’s see how that might impact their intellectual prowess and see how it could impact their driving.

I’ll consider these five exemplars of the potential adverse consequences of high intellect:

  • Analysis Paralysis
  • Dismissiveness
  • Shallowness of Thought
  • Over-Thinking
  • False Over-Confidence

Analysis Paralysis.

A higher intellect might be more prone to analyzing a myriad of options. Will that car ahead opt to make a sudden lane change? Will the pedestrian leap into the street? Is that traffic light going to change to red in the next few seconds? All of this thinking can produce analysis paralysis. The driver becomes preoccupied with analyzing what to do or what might happen, and as a result they aren’t making the kinds of rapid decisions that need to be made when driving a car.

Dismissiveness.

A higher intellect might be dismissive of others. You’ve likely had someone that thinks they are so sharp that they dismiss other people’s ideas or suggestions. Unless they believe the other person is of an equal intellect, they don’t get much credence to the other person. A driver that is dismissiveness might opt to ignore a warning from a front seat passenger that tells them a car to their right is possibly going to intervene into their lane. This dismissiveness can undermine the driving effort.

Shallowness of Thought.

A higher intellect will often categorize mental tasks and then proclaim that a particular task is not worthy of their intellectual powers. As a driver, a higher intellect might be tempted to consider the driving task as menial. As a result, the person is unwilling to put much mental effort toward driving. They prefer to operate a car with a shallowness of thought. If they do so, it could spell danger as they are potentially underestimating what they need to be considering in order to be a safe driver.

Over-Thinking.

A higher intellect might tend toward over-thinking every moment of the driving task. I knew someone that was looking at every angle at every step of driving a car. They made incredible mental leaps about the aspects that could go awry, almost to the degree that they even were calculating the chances of a meteor striking the earth in front of their car. This over-thinking can cause them to become muddled and overwhelmed about the driving task.

False Overconfidence.

A higher intellect might believe that they are the best driver ever, which is fueled by their belief in their own astounding intellect. This leads to overconfidence. They assume that for any driving situation they will be able to mentally find a means of driving the car to escape. This type of driver can be riskier in their driving and get themselves into binds that they are actually unable to get out of safely.

I am not saying that only higher intellects will potentially fall victim to the aforementioned mental guffaws. Any driver can suffer from analysis paralysis, and from dismissiveness, and from shallowness of thought, and from over-thinking, and from false over-confidence. I’d bet though that the higher intellect is perhaps more likely to find themselves falling into these traps. It is the basis for why we have as a society come up with the too smart for their own britches label.

Could an AI system for a self-driving car also be vulnerable to these same kinds of mental underpinnings?

Sure, each of these intellectual dangers can readily happen to an AI system. I don’t want you to though assume I am saying that AI is sentient, and it is succumbing to these mental impairments in the same manner that a human might. I am not suggesting or implying this.

Instead, I am trying to assert that the AI as a form of automation can suffer the same deficiencies and it is up to the AI developers to try to make sure that the AI is not caught off-guard by these computationally equivalent mental maladies.

For example, analysis paralysis can befall the AI if it gets bogged down trying to explore a large search space and fails to realize that time is crucial to making a driving decision. The AI could be so engrossed in assessing the sensory data and the virtual world model that it lets the clock continue to run. The running clock means that the world outside the self-driving car is moving and changing, which might mean that the AI is gradually losing out on options for making a vital car driving decision.

I had predicted that the Uber incident in Arizona might partially have occurred because of the time taken by the AI to try to assess the driving situation. Preliminary reports assessing the Uber incident appeared to have echoed that point. Though some might shrug their shoulders and say that’s just the way the real-time automation works, I am not one to fall into the trap of allowing automation to be some kind of independent amorphous entity that happens to do what it does. I hold accountable the AI developers that should be developing their AI systems to handle these kinds of real-time situations.

For my initial assessment of the Uber incident, see: https://www.aitrends.com/selfdrivingcars/initial-forensic-analysis/

For my follow-up about the Uber incident, see my article: https://www.aitrends.com/selfdrivingcars/ntsb-releases-initial-report-on-fatal-uber-pedestrian-crash-dr-lance-eliot-seen-as-prescient/

For the responsibility aspects of AI self-driving cars, see my article: https://www.aitrends.com/selfdrivingcars/responsibility-and-ai-self-driving-cars/

For my article about egocentric AI developers, see: https://www.aitrends.com/selfdrivingcars/egocentric-design-and-ai-self-driving-cars/

For my article about AI developers and groupthink dangers, see: https://www.aitrends.com/selfdrivingcars/groupthink-dilemmas-for-developing-ai-self-driving-cars/

Conclusion

Is superior cognition needed to drive a car?

We might debate the meaning of the word “superior” and be at odds about the notion of what being superior in cognition consists of.

If we use the everyday notion of IQ, the question can be rephrased as to whether higher IQ is needed to drive a car. There seems little evidence to suggest that any particular level of above average IQ is a needed element to drive a car, since the world at large appears to be able to drive a car, and we can reasonably assume therefore it involves an average IQ effort.

It could be that if we can achieve AI that can drive a self-driving car, we might want to see what it can do if it is pushed to a higher level of intellect. Perhaps we might have better driving and safer driving. This is not necessarily the case. We also need to be aware of the kinds of mental maladies that seem to at times correspond to having higher intellect, and whether those might be found in AI systems and therefore undermine the heightened intellect aspects.

I’ve not entertained herein the conspiracy theorists that are worried that we might be pushing the AI intellect to a point that it surpasses human intellect and then opts to take over humanity. The paperclip making super-intelligence mankind-overtaking AI I’ve covered elsewhere. For now, I’m merely trying to get AI developers to consider the degree of intellect that they are aiming to achieve in their AI systems, and also prodding the rest of us to also consider what level of intellect are we becoming vulnerable to in terms of AI systems that increasingly are entering into our lives.

I’ve highlighted the nature of AI self-driving cars as a key indicator of how the intellect might come to play. Many AI systems are not as involved in making immediate life-or-death decisions as those of AI self-driving cars. I would hope that we would be more concerned about the intellect prowess of AI systems in the role of deciding whether a multi-ton car is going to make a right turn or maybe come to a sudden stop, decisions on which the lives of humans hang in the balance. It sure seems like having superior cognition would be a handy capability, if properly designed and deployed.

The Einstein AI for self-driving cars has kind of a ring to it, doesn’t it.

Copyright 2020 Dr. Lance Eliot

This content is originally posted on AI Trends.

[Ed. Note: For reader’s interested in Dr. Eliot’s ongoing business analyses about the advent of self-driving cars, see his online Forbes column: https://forbes.com/sites/lanceeliot/]

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AI Put to Work to Help US Steel Industry Stay Competitive https://techannouncer.com/ai-put-to-work-to-help-us-steel-industry-stay-competitive/ Thu, 27 Feb 2020 22:30:23 +0000 https://www.aitrends.com/?p=18687 US steel manufacturers are implementing enterprise AI to help gain efficiencies and reduce downtime. (GETTY IMAGES) By AI Trends Staff As the US steel industry looks for ways to lower costs in a global market facing slowing demand, a modern steel plant in Arkansas is using AI to help it become more competitive. The Big …

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US steel manufacturers are implementing enterprise AI to help gain efficiencies and reduce downtime. (GETTY IMAGES)

By AI Trends Staff

As the US steel industry looks for ways to lower costs in a global market facing slowing demand, a modern steel plant in Arkansas is using AI to help it become more competitive.

The Big River Steel Mill, which began operating in January 2017, melts scrap metal and produces steel for more than 200 customers, including four automakers, according to a recent account in  WSJPro.

The plant’s AI system has been designed by Noodle Analytics of San Francisco, which uses deep learning and neural networks to continually train algorithms on data captured by thousands of sensors.

“We’re using the best available technology and pressing that technology farther, we think, than anyone in the steel industry,” stated Big River Chief Executive David Stickler, a veteran of the steel, mining and recycling industries. “Any future steel facilities that are built will try to capitalize on what we’ve done and replicate it.”

An environment of falling steel prices and a decline in demand from manufacturers is creating  an opportunity for newer plants with lower operating costs. The hope for the AI at Big River is that it will lower operating costs and help to sell unused power when demand for electricity is high.

David Stickler, Chief Executive, Big River Steel Mill

One expert credited Big River for being at the cutting edge of steel mill technology. It is the world’s first steel plant designed to manage its operations with the aid of “artificial intelligence from the drawing board,” stated Ron Ashburn, executive director of the Association for Iron & Steel Technology.

Big Steel started the AI project in 2017, collecting and analyzing data and training algorithms used to predict maintenance requirements for new machinery. The system collects data on equipment conditions, assessing wear and tear in the hopes of reducing shutdown time and gaining operating hours.

Noodle.AI is also working with SSAB Americas, a global steel manufacturer, to pair the company’s Enterprise AI Platform with its sensor data with external data to help plan business operations, according to an account in Robotics Business Review. The plan is to improve machinery uptime, engage in predictive maintenance and seek ways to optimize the plant.

“We are excited to implement new digitalization technologies and to explore how the application of Enterprise AI can impact our performance and create a competitive advantage,” stated Tom Toner, Vice President of Operations for SSAB Americas. “Our goal is to learn how we can increase efficiency and decrease any bottlenecks in our operations with this advanced technology.”

Noodle.ai’s founder and CEO Steve Pratt stated, “SSAB Americas is a pioneering manufacturing company that is looking to embrace new technologies to improve the quality of their products, service to customers and competitiveness.”

The steel industry has seen disruption in the past two decades by steel plant capacity added in China, which now produces 50% of the world’s steel. As the Chinese began to export excess inventory at lower prices, it put pressure on western producers. As a result, steel manufacturers in the west are concentrating on improving efficiency by modernizing, according to an account written by Hiranmay Sarkar, a managing partner with Tata Consultancy Services, in SupplyChainBrain.

The steel making labor force has been reduced in favor of automation in the last 25 years, a period when world steel production grew by two and a half times, and the industry has reduced the workforce by more than 1.5 million members, Sarkar reported.

A digital twin is a digital replica of a physical asset, including its systems and devices. The twin can serve as the backbone for cyber-physical integration, enabling seamless transition of data between digital and physical worlds. To enable enterprise AI, Sarkar suggests, the digital twin needs to have these attributes:

  • An ecosystem commerce platform, off-the-shelf software, for information exchange with internal and external business partners;
  • Physical equipment connectivity and event capture, through IoT devices. This ensures real time data collection at various nodes of the supply chain, such as ore storage by miners, suppliers and vessel operators, production by coke oven, blast furnace and mill, product store and distribution by yards and freight transporters.

Read the source articles in WSJPro, Robotics Business Review and SupplyChainBrain.

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Chris Jourdian has Propelled to Higher Stardom with the Remix of the Song ‘The Bliss- Happier’ https://techannouncer.com/chris-jourdian-has-propelled-to-higher-stardom-with-the-remix-of-the-song-the-bliss-happier/ Thu, 27 Feb 2020 18:38:01 +0000 https://www.issuewire.com/1659682275260626 Chris Jourdian has created lots of ecstasy with the magnificent remix of the song ‘The Bliss- Happier’. It is a splendid display by the Los Angeles music producer. Los Angeles, Feb 27, 2020 (Issuewire.com)  – Chris Jourdian is a very well known solo artist in the EDM genre who is also a famous Dj and very much …

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Chris Jourdian has created lots of ecstasy with the magnificent remix of the song ‘The Bliss- Happier’. It is a splendid display by the Los Angeles music producer.

Los Angeles, Feb 27, 2020 (Issuewire.com)  – Chris Jourdian is a very well known solo artist in the EDM genre who is also a famous Dj and very much into music production and piano composition. Recently, he has belted out the flamboyant remix of the song The Bliss- Happier’. It is an immaculate performance by the Los Angeles music producer. The Dj has focussed more on chord progressions and melodies giving the songs an exquisite feel. He has touched upon the genres of trap, future bass, and the house which all fall under the EDM genre. Right from a very young age he was very much fascinated by music. He started fiddling with the piano at a tender age of 7. He is working upon a few tracks which are very much original and is gearing up to release two or three of them in July’s second week. 

In the remix of the song The Bliss- Happier’ by Chris Jourdian, the psychedelic articulation makes for a colourful journey. An energy rush is created increasing the flow of adrenaline most enthusiastically. The vocals are dramatic with alluring aesthetics. One can also peep into the shared updates of the singer and glance through the recent and future projects by logging onto his Instagram handle. On Dj’s Twitter profile, you can start an impromptu conversation with him.

The Dj has remixed the song rivetingly with consummate ease. The remixed song has a dynamic rhythm with the fervour of EDM in every layer. To sum up, it is an engrossing performance which is quite delightful. He has remixed other popular songs like ‘This Feeling’, ‘Melt’, ‘How Did I Find You’ and ‘All I Want Is You’. You can also plug into trending platforms like Soundcloud to listen to the songs remixed by him. 

Visit to listen this song ‘Opposition’ by LiMeaux TW :  

https://soundcloud.com/chrisjourdian/the-bliss-happier-chris-jourdian-remix

Media Contact

Music Promotion Club info@musicpromotion.club https://musicpromotion.club

Tags : The Bliss – Happier , Chris Jourdian , Los Angeles music producer , Dance & EDM , Soundcloud

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