Construction is a broad term denoting the science and art of constructing physical structures, materials, or systems, and derives from Latin constructus and Old English hort, construct, and construction. To construct is also the verb: to build, and the prefix of the word is construction: what is being constructed. When used in the singular, it usually means to construct, while when used in the phrase construction, it usually means to build. A typical example of a construction term would be: I made a building myself. In this example, we are not specifying the material or structure that was made (I “made” a building myself), but the fact that the individual has created the building himself.
In our modern world, construction activities typically take place in many public works such as schools, stadiums, bridges, offices, roads, etc., and take many different forms. One typical type of construction project would be a stadium, which will host a major sporting event and other events. The word stadium usually refers to the actual building construction site, while the word event typically refers to the activity occurring on the construction site. Stadiums are typically open and air-conditioned; indoor stadiums have several pavilions for temporary activities and sometimes temporary buildings and apartments.
Another typical type of building construction activity is residential construction, which involves the construction of houses and other kinds of buildings intended for living. These are commonly known as apartment buildings, townhouses, condominiums, row houses, multi-family residences, etc. The term usually encompasses private housing, but sometimes may also include public housing. A condominium is an apartment building consisting of individual units. Typically, there are common areas, like the lobbies, entrance lobbies, elevators, stairways, hallways, etc. Common design features include internal partition walls, windows with sliding doors, open basement or cellar, skylights, HVAC systems with insulation, roof gardens, clubhouses, decks, pools, hot tubs, tennis courts, multiple story homes, detached buildings, garages, fire escapes, safety features, massing doors, and parking garages.
The main article in this series discusses the different types of construction work. This can include steel building construction, concrete construction, tile construction, and wood construction, to name a few. All these types of construction projects require different skill sets, materials, techniques, and equipment. Each main article in this Construction News Special Report discussed the main types of construction work for that month.
This next article in this series will discuss construction site safety. Construction site safety is crucial to the success of any construction project. This includes the careful monitoring of the weather and natural conditions on and around the construction site by the Construction Manager, his assistants, supervisors, and workers. This includes warning signs, emergency radio communications, lighting arrangements, and warning placards. Construction site safety is essential to the success of any construction project.
This final article in this Construction News Special Report discussed construction projects’ impact on the environment. Studies have shown that construction projects have led to an increase in the average density of land, as well as the increased use of pesticides, herbicides, and other chemicals which are considered hazardous to the environment and human health. The articles also described the relationship between construction projects and severe chemical pollution from improper land use and excessive mining. This final installment in the series discussed the ways that a construction project can negatively affect the environment and human health.