The terms “physical fitness” and “health” are often used interchangeably but, in reality, there are significant differences between the two. Health is an overall condition of healthy living that focuses on being able to withstand environmental stresses, including the natural effects of aging and disease. Physical fitness, on the other hand, is a specific condition of health and well-being and, more importantly, the ability to carry out certain parts of daily activities, including exercises. Physical fitness is usually achieved through regular physical activity, proper nutrition, and adequate rest.
A good definition of fitness as it relates to exercise and healthy living is being able to do everything that you can without injuring or causing any unnecessary pain to your body. This definition is made possible by the combination of factors that are all involved in performing the exercise. For one, when you are exercising, your heart rate should be in a reasonable range and should not exceed the rate at which the muscles contract in order to move the body. The right fitness program will help to increase your heart rate and reduce your resting time between workouts, thereby allowing for maximum performance of the physical activity.
Another important component of a fitness program is muscular strength and stamina. Fitness involves a combination of muscular strength and stamina in order to move through the various motions of the exercises. If you are physically fit, you will also be more capable of enduring an intensity level that is challenging the body beyond what your comfort level is. Therefore, muscular strength and stamina must be considered when trying to achieve or maintain optimal fitness levels. Being mentally fit is just as important as physical fitness.
Mental fitness involves the ability to focus and remain calm when under pressure and stress. Stress is a powerful motivator and is the number one cause of injury in the gym. Therefore, mental fitness includes the ability to stay focused, even under difficult conditions, and to learn how to handle yourself in potentially uncomfortable situations such as a lifting station. Additionally, muscle tone helps to contribute to mental fitness. Muscle tone is defined as the condition of the underlying muscle, including bone, ligaments, and nerves.
Finally, if you do not have ample energy to perform daily tasks without undue fatigue, you are not performing the necessary exercise required to keep yourself healthy or fit. Daily activities like moving the body and engaging in aerobics require that we expend an enormous amount of energy, which cannot always be achieved without sufficient energy. Therefore, if you do not have ample energy to make it through your daily tasks without undue fatigue, you are not physically fit.
Core exercises are extremely beneficial to overall fitness levels. Core exercises focus on those muscles of the abdomen, back, and pelvis that are responsible for maintaining optimal posture and body function. When these muscles become weakened or overstrained, your posture can become compromised and your balance and stability may begin to slip. By strengthening your core muscles, you can ensure your body stays balanced, your posture remains optimal, and you become more efficient at daily tasks without undue fatigue.