The world of technology takes pride to know that for the first time scientists have been successful in achieving infinite speeds on a microchip. It is a great achievement in terms of the light-warping technology that could lead to new light-based microchips. It is much helpful in enabling the powerful computers to give better performance, say the researchers.
It is worth noting that the speed of the light in a vacuum is about six hundred seventy million miles per hour. It is the fastest possible speed at which energy or matter can travel, says the theory. Einstein’s theory of relativity refers to the excessive speed limit that may give unexpected results.
The latest technological development has enabled the researchers to overcome this hurdle. Those interested to understand this fact may imagine of a pulse of light as a packet of waves all blended together. It is to be noted that the energy related to this packet would go up or come down across the space; cresting somewhere in the middle. If the pulse of the light comes across a material that bends, absorbs or scatters light; there will arise interference amongst the waves that make up this packet. It would result in its crest being driven forward. It is possible that the speed at the packet’s crest, known as the phase velocity of the pulse is made faster than light.
The light no more acts as a set of moving waves zipping through as a series of crests and troughs when the zero index materials enter the mix. But the light acts as either all crests or all troughs since stretched out to infinite wavelengths and travels at infinite speeds as far as zero index materials are concerned. According to Eric Mazur, from an ordinary optical fiber if you want to get light on a microchip, then you have move it gradually from regular scales to micro scales.
These impacts may not make the energy in a group pulse to travel faster than light. Philip Munoz said that if we will widen wavelengths of light to inestimable lengths, then also zero-index materials could facilitate even far-away particles to become twisted. These altered pulses also get disturbed as per their fast speeds. So it may be possible to send useful information at speeds faster than light, says the theory. The scientists are of the view that the zero index materials could involve amazing applications as far as light controlling is concerned. Take the example of electronic devices that steer electrons around in circuits while the photonic devices influence light.
It is worth mentioning that the electrons in electronic components are usually limited to trickling along at only a fraction of the speed of light. It is because of the fact that there is great resistance to the electrons in metal wires that also creates wasted energy that fizzles away as heat. It is a great advantage that the photonic devices work at much higher speeds and remain cooler. Those thinking of packing more devices altogether in smaller and more powerful computers may do so. This is the biggest benefit.
It is a matter of great pleasure that the scientists have been successful in weaving a zero-index material onto a microchip. These materials would be much useful in connecting photonic microchips to different devices like fiber-optic networks, say the researchers. It is a great achievement and gift for all concerned.