The Concepts and Essentials of Agriculture
Agriculture is the management of plants and livestock for the production of food. Agriculture was the primary development in the evolution of sedentary civilized society, in which farming of domestic animals made large-scale food surpluses that allowed people to survive in cities. The history of agriculture actually began thousands of years ago during the time of the ancient Egyptians. Agriculture has been one of the most important sectors of the modern economy, supporting hundreds of millions of people worldwide.
Agriculture is not only an economic activity but also an ecological one because it involves the use of land, tools, fertilizers, pesticides, and insecticides for the growth of crops, animals, and wild vegetation. Agriculture has many aspects such as livestock, poultry, fruits, vegetables, fruits and grains, fisheries, and animal breeding. The process of agricultural production is generally classified into tillage, cropping, horticulture, vine growing, forestalling, fencing, seed handling, nursery, and production. In the United States, agriculture produces approximately 17% of the Gross Domestic Product, with more than half of the total production coming from traditional intensive agricultural practices such as calving, irrigation, seed treatment, and cross-fertilization.
Agriculture has depended on a combination of labor, technology, and the natural environment to create a productive landscape. The technology used for agriculture has greatly improved over the years. Tractors, harvesters, harvests transport products, and other agricultural equipments, machinery, and technologies have greatly increased over the years and the development of new techniques for plant propagation, management, and processing of agricultural products has dramatically increased over the years.
Agriculture is based on the management of natural resources such as air, water, land, and the fertility of the soil. Agriculture is the science of turning natural resources into useful human or economic products. Agriculture is the science of living organisms for the benefit of the nation. Agriculture is the union of science and commerce. Agriculture is a practice of growing food, supplying foodstuffs to urban inhabitants, raising animals for the consumption of man, and collecting surplus foodstuffs for storage, distribution, or sale.
Agriculture is one of the world’s most important areas of natural resource management. Agriculture is defined as the management of the living resources of the land in the field of activity for the support of human needs. Agriculture has become one of the vital components of the world economy. Agriculture provides an extensive variety of sources of income. Agriculture is the process of utilizing the land and its produce in order to meet the food requirements of the people. In simple terms, agriculture means the improvement of the breeds of living organisms for the support of man’s food needs.
Agriculture plays an eminent role in the development of countries. Many countries across the world have developed their productive farms and modernize their agriculture industries to improve the lot of the rural population. Agriculture is a serious business for the agricultural sector. Therefore, many governments have taken a number of steps for promoting and improving the fields of agriculture.